Additionally, the new vehicle types will open up possibilities for people with disabilities who could not make walking or bicycle trips. The U.S. Consumer Product Safety Act states that electric bicycles and tricycles meeting the definition of low-speed electric bicycles will be considered consumer products. That left e-bikes in a legal gray area. On a throttle bicycle, you can engage the throttle to propel forward using only the motor. However, riders must continue to comply with all the laws that apply to vehicles, such as obeying traffic signals and following the direction of traffic. For example, most national parks do not allow cycling, including e-biking, except on paved road and in designated areas. Some e-bikes are nearly indistinguishable from regular bicycles, such as this Luna Fixed Stealth Ebike. Get Electric-Bicycle-Guide Free Newsletter Email: Name: Then Don't worry -- your e-mail address is totally secure. The law defined a low-speed electric bicycle as “A two- or three-wheeled vehicle with fully operable pedals and an electric motor of less than 750 watts (1 h.p. Although not well understood by many, e-bikes can provide excellent exercise.  Experienced cyclists may likely not be interested. How does the New Jersey law define e-scooters? Assembly Bill 1096 defines an electric bicycle as a bike with fully operable pedals and an electric motor up to 750 watts. People who would not otherwise ride a traditional bike tend to be the most likely purchasers. The word “scooter” can apply to a range of consumer products. Like bicycles, e-bikes will be allowed to park on sidewalks, as long as they do not block pedestrian access. Lawmakers have drawn the […] For both means of transportation, the speed must be 25km/h. Jersey City plans to incorporate e-bikes into their Citibike program this fall. Some e-bikes are equipped with both modes. A few e-bike models can assist the rider even without pedaling, when the rider turns a hand throttle. They may be used in bike … Electric bikes are allowed on “any road, path or way that is open to bicycle travel.” This means they can be ridden on roads (except limited access highways), bike lanes, bike paths, multi-use paths, and sidewalks. Before, you decide on buying an electric bike in New York City, however, you might want to know about a few of their laws regarding electric bikes. Around the country, companies like Jump, Bird, Lime (and many others) have allowed people to rent e-bikes and e-scooters to make one-way trips within urban areas. ), whose maximum speed on a paved level surface, when powered solely by such a motor while ridden by an operator who weighs 170 pounds, is less than 20 mph.” The federal law permits e-bikes to be powered … California adopted new laws for legal eBikes in 2015, breaking the bikes down into three classes. According to article 1h of the EU Directive 2002/24/CE with regards to the legislation for homologation of vehicles with 2 or 3 wheels, this Directive does NOT apply to ´electric bikes that have an auxiliary motor of max. By state law, electric bikes may be operated in the exact same locations as regular bicycles. The federal Consumer Product Safety Act defines a “low-speed electric bicycle” as a two or three-wheeled vehicle with fully operable pedals, a top speed when powered solely by the motor under 20 mph (32 km/h) and an electric motor that produces less than 750 W (1.01 hp). The use of electric-assist bicycles (“e-bikes”) has grown rapidly over the last 5 years. As of May 14, 2019, a brand new vehicle class was added to Title 39: “Low-speed electric bicycle.” This new vehicle is described as “a two or three-wheeled vehicle with fully operable pedals and an electric motor of less than 750 watts, whose maximum speed on a paved level surface, when powered solely by a motor, while operated by a person weighing 170 pounds, is less than 20 miles per hour.”, The new law allows both “pedal-assist” and “throttle” bicycles. Â. Under the previous regulatory framework, all forms of scooters, aside from electric personal assistive mobility devices (mobility scooters for the disabled), were illegal for use on public streets in New Jersey. Note that these opinions are my own, and not representative of Dillenger Electric Bikes. As of 2017, there were nearly $65 million in e-bike sales. FOR THE ROAD: Same rules as a non-powered bicycle. E-biking is less exercise than regular cycling. Thus, the e-bike can offer cycling as exercise or transportation to a wider range of people than traditional unassisted bicycles. Electric bikes can only be ridden on roads where the posted speed limit is lower than the speed of the device and just like regular bikes, electric ones have to be ridden far to the right and riders must obey all road laws and rules. The Center brings to bear the full array of resources of a major research university on transportation issues of regional and national significance. A Lime electric scooter being demonstrated during the April 2019 New Brunswick Ciclovia.  E-bikes don’t require gas. The most visible change may come in the form of rental scooters and bicycles. The first step to understanding ebike laws is to learn how the government defines an electric bike. 33 Livingston Avenue  They are environmentally friendly due to their lack of gas burning emissions. There are many reasons for the popularity of e-bikes. However, the MVC system would not allow registration because the law was written for gas-powered vehicles. When comparing the effort level required between a normal cyclist, walker and e-bike operator over the same distance, it appears that the e-bike requires 64% less energy than walking and 22% less energy than regular cycling. © New Jersey Bicycle and Pedestrian Resource Center. The International Mountain Bicycling Association (IMBA) policy supports pedal-assist e-bikes being allowed access on certain trails. E-bikes generally come in two forms: throttle and pedal assist. There are certain exceptions in parks such as Acadia National Park in Maine, where mountain bikes can be used on certain off-road trails. Graphic design by Eric Tuvel. Secondly, lawmakers designate e-bikes that can reach 20mph using a handlebar throttle. Where is it legal to ride an e-bike? From what driving license yo might need to insurance and where you can ride, we have everything covered in a simple guide. 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