/Img98 112 0 R Bacterial conjunctivitis is the second most common cause of infectious conjunctivitis, with most uncomplicated cases resolving in 1 to 2 weeks. /Img74 88 0 R /Img137 151 0 R Bacterial conjunctivitis. 0000080411 00000 n /Img99 113 0 R endobj /Img66 80 0 R 0000001310 00000 n Neisseria gonorrhoeae is the most frequent cause of hyper-acute bacterial conjunctivitis, which is then usually regarded as an oculogeni-tal disease, occurring in neonates and in sexually active adults. /Img132 146 0 R /Img128 142 0 R /Img139 153 0 R /Img106 120 0 R /Img176 190 0 R /Type /Pages /Img136 150 0 R /Img160 174 0 R Acute bacterial conjunctivitis tends to differ from viral conjunctivitis by the presence of purulent discharge and the absence of chemosis and preauricular adenopathy. Bacterial conjunctivitis… /Img92 106 0 R /Img156 170 0 R 0000029138 00000 n xref /Img134 148 0 R /Img76 90 0 R /Img30 44 0 R /Img155 169 0 R Bacterial Conjunctivitis: Microbiological Profile, Antimicrobial Susceptibility Patterns and Recommendations for Treatment Naz Perween*, Dakshina Bisht**, Prabhav Aggarwal*** Abstract Conjunctivitis is one of the most common ocular infections, with bacterial infections accounting for 50-70% of all conjunctivitis cases. /Img1 15 0 R This article gives a review of the epidemiology, aetiology, clinical picture, complications, differential diagnoses, in vitro exam-inations and therapy of acute bacterial conjunctivitis. /Img101 115 0 R Mattering and adherence of … /Img122 136 0 R /F5 208 0 R /Img60 74 0 R /Img8 22 0 R /Contents 4 0 R /F4 205 0 R /Type /Page >> https://www.college-optometrists.org/.../conjunctivitis-bacterial-.html /Img79 93 0 R /Img112 126 0 R /Img173 187 0 R /Kids [ 3 0 R 6 0 R 8 0 R 10 0 R 12 0 R ] /F1 196 0 R /Img73 87 0 R /Img68 82 0 R Typical signs are a red eye and purulent drainage that persists throughout the day. /Img125 139 0 R 0000080459 00000 n /Img113 127 0 R PINK EYE (CONJUNCTIVITIS) PINK EYE IS OFTEN HIGHLY CONTAGIOUS. /Img149 163 0 R /Img105 119 0 R /Img10 24 0 R /Img45 59 0 R 0000019190 00000 n NEONATAL CHLAMYDIAL CONJUNCTIVITIS: … /Img163 177 0 R /Img16 30 0 R /Img21 35 0 R /Img38 52 0 R Candidate 2012 and Douglas Brink, Pharm.D., BCPP Introduction Conjunctivitis is a common ophthalmic disease that can affect anyone, regardless of age, gender, social status, or race.1,2 Currently there are no reliable statistics regarding the prevalence or incidence of different types of conjunctivitis. /Img78 92 0 R /Img71 85 0 R 0000014872 00000 n /Img154 168 0 R /Img151 165 0 R /Img174 188 0 R /Img65 79 0 R /Img12 26 0 R It is transmitted by contact with ocular or upper respiratory tract discharge of people who have the infection, fomites, medical equipment or shared cosmetics. Inflammation or infection of the conjunctiva is known as conjunctivitis and is characterized by dilatation of the conjunctival vessels, resulting in hyperemia and edema of the conjunctiva, typically with associated discharge. /Img131 145 0 R /Img86 100 0 R 0000034672 00000 n /Font << /Annots [ 5 0 R ] /Img178 192 0 R /Img48 62 0 R Drugs used to treat Conjunctivitis, Bacterial The following list of medications are in some way related to, or used in the treatment of this condition. /Img9 23 0 R /Img97 111 0 R /Img59 73 0 R << /Img130 144 0 R /Img72 86 0 R 0000078994 00000 n /Img39 53 0 R /Img83 97 0 R 0 /Img57 71 0 R /Img26 40 0 R /Img111 125 0 R sode of conjunctivitis made a positive bacterial culture result less likely. /Img63 77 0 R Download Free PDF. /Img14 28 0 R They usually spread from an infected person to others through. 3 0 obj /Img135 149 0 R /Img27 41 0 R Mattering and adherence of the eyelids on waking, lack of itching, and absence of a history of conjunctivitis are the strongest factors associated with bacterial conjunctivitis. !oj�W:_��xd�Z6�����$@��3`���P���4˶= 7n�U�$�m��U��} x-Í��V�$�a���� Download Full PDF Package. 0000045240 00000 n /Img24 38 0 R >> Viral conjunctivitis Viral conjunctivitis often follows a recent cold or sore throat. If bacterial conjunctivitis is suspected, but no response to topical antibiotics is seen, swabs for bacterial culture should be taken and tested. Definition Conjunctivitis is the inflammation of the lining of the eyelids and eyeball caused by bacteria, viruses, allergic or immunologic reactions, … 0000030591 00000 n /Img168 182 0 R 0000051419 00000 n Several viruses and bacteria can cause conjunctivitis (pink eye), some of which are very contagious. The prevalence of conjunctivitis varies according to the underlying cause, which may be influ… /Img143 157 0 R We conducted a study to determine the bacteria causing conjunctivitis … 0000029416 00000 n It is most often caused by a virus (like those which cause the common cold), but can also be caused by bacteria, … /Img123 137 0 R /Img138 152 0 R /Img75 89 0 R 0000014711 00000 n /Img161 175 0 R /Img158 172 0 R /Img80 94 0 R /Img170 184 0 R >> /Img164 178 0 R Bacterial conjunctivitis. 29 0 obj <> endobj 0000018326 00000 n /Img162 176 0 R %%EOF Ocular Surface Disorders Neonatal chlamydial conjunctivitis . READ PAPER. /Count 5 /Img115 129 0 R << Acute bacterial conjunctivitis is the eye disease most commonly seen by gen-eral practitioners, and is estimated to represent approximately 1% of all con-sultations in primary care. /Img114 128 0 R endobj /Img181 195 0 R /Img166 180 0 R /Img147 161 0 R /Img116 130 0 R 0000053738 00000 n /Img6 20 0 R The following paper aims to review the evidence to discover the best treatments for acute infective conjunctivitis. Bacterial conjunctivitis Children and the elderly are more at risk of a bacterial conjunctivitis. /Img4 18 0 R 0000014963 00000 n /Img93 107 0 R /Img11 25 0 R /Img172 186 0 R /Img35 49 0 R /Img146 160 0 R /Img69 83 0 R /Img104 118 0 R /Img43 57 0 R 4 0 obj Conjunctivitis ("Pink Eye") Fact Sheet Conjunctivitis is an infection of the eyes commonly known as "pink eye" It is most often caused by a virus but can also be caused by bacteria. /Img96 110 0 R /Img157 171 0 R /Img127 141 0 R /Img85 99 0 R Each of these types of germs can spread from person to person in different ways. "�l��@�Uaa�a�,Ǫ�0$��k�X�q'`Ub�݉W������À�� X��{�d��b�����?��>Y鳥�BN�d�S_�')���:�>I�����IJw����>I�����IJ'־�OR���:�>I�b���$%���퓔��}��v���l�w`����}"`�][��O�i���ڪ� �φ��X�Fvϱ*8���~�*9#&��V�Cxd��~�k��xN�~p�8������.�g@/�K%Ts�����%�vq^��Оv�n�. /Parent 2 0 R Bacterial conjunctivitis is usually divided according to its course and severity into hyperacute, acute and chronic forms. /Img19 33 0 R /Img25 39 0 R 0000012383 00000 n %���� /Img56 70 0 R /Img46 60 0 R 0000053960 00000 n /Img177 191 0 R 0000054690 00000 n /Img88 102 0 R Bacterial and viral conjunctivitis is highly contagious; measures to prevent spread of infection should be considered. /Img169 183 0 R /Img129 143 0 R Download. Gonnoccal infection is transmitted from the genital tract or urine to the eye by hands. /Img54 68 0 R /Img33 47 0 R /Img133 147 0 R /Img109 123 0 R /Img100 114 0 R /XObject << 1 0 obj /Img87 101 0 R /Img118 132 0 R /Img51 65 0 R << Mild conjunctivitis is usually benign and self-limited and can be monitored without treatment or easily treated with antibiotics. /Img140 154 0 R /Img53 67 0 R a nonspecific term used to describe an inflammation of the conjunctiva, which can be /Img47 61 0 R Bacterial conjunctivitis due to most other organisms can be treated empirically with topical antibiotics. Conjunctivitis is the inflammation of the conjunctiva and has 4 main causes—viruses, bacteria, allergens, and irritants. /Img41 55 0 R the resolution of bacterial conjunctivitis. /Img121 135 0 R /Img3 17 0 R 29 37 0000046408 00000 n CONJUNCTIVITIS (Pink Eye) Conjunctivitis is an infection of the eyes commonly known as “pink eye”. Conjunctivitis can be purulent or nonpurulent. /Img117 131 0 R 65 0 obj<>stream /Img167 181 0 R A short summary of this paper. Bacterial conjunctivitis is the second most common infectious etiology of conjunctivitis in adults. 0000079254 00000 n Select drug class All drug classes ophthalmic anti-infectives (34) ophthalmic steroids with anti-infectives (23) lincomycin derivatives (2) Bacterial conjunctivitis was present in about one third (32.47% to 36.04%) of the patients with acute infective conjunctivitis, and it was more common in children. They were randomly assigned to a 7-day treat-ment with eye drops using either fucidic acid (1.0%) (FucithalmicA) applied twice per day, or chloramphenicol (0.5%) (MinimsA Chloramphenicol) applied six times per day. 0000017489 00000 n /Img124 138 0 R 0000001735 00000 n The condition often resolves on its own without any treatment. /Img37 51 0 R 0000085252 00000 n << /Type /Catalog 0000052857 00000 n /Img36 50 0 R /Img141 155 0 R Although it is a self-limiting condition, current initial treatment for bacterial conjunctivitis is the application of a broad-spectrum topical antibiotic. /Img2 16 0 R startxref /Img95 109 0 R Forms of bacterial conjunctivitis that need to be treated differently include neonatal conjunctivitis, gonococcal conjunctivitis, trachoma, and inclusion conjunctivitis. /F3 202 0 R 0000012655 00000 n /Img82 96 0 R 0000001036 00000 n >> Case description A 5-year-old boy presents with a 3-day history of watery discharge from his right eye. ���KWl���5�5��3�|�{Df���ߞ��ĝګ�������?�ߜ�-�?�#��OO�������]�pj�8^��������w�]?�W�^ίO�� g`@ V6�8ǃg��1` &����q���_�"O\~��A0 *:������@&. /Img70 84 0 R ��?�W����_�p��?�5���q��M7�t����׻�����W�;�7����C������x�����/�����'�����WΝ'_����F��5�B���}܀��v7ƫ�@��/'� �7��h�3���ָ��F3��/L�q-n�u���4��V�!��m�@�7����\_������ .�\��7l�S���^���a������8n�M�h~�+3ZL p���*/�5����7l�ۖ��3w���+��m��HGl#V��U�=��!�Dt���*Ҟ"�ui�$�D��8M�O 2��x�M�M!��V�Ғ���*ަ� �/�f!��B�M��H:!���}WQ nSF uB ���Ƃ~SH �Gt�+,�7�$N�$��C����(�>2^E��M@TZ�Dx#h�M�M!Qx�g�m��A�C�p��M�����V]��U�YE��HO�ձQ��be�! /Img179 193 0 R /MediaBox [0 0 612 792] … Bacterial conjunctivitis is uncommon but can be spread by the hands or from upper respiratory tract infections. %PDF-1.5 x�b``a``�b`a`H Clinical Ophthalmology, 2010. stream Bacterial conjunctivitis is the second most common cause of infectious conjunctivitis, with most uncomplicated cases resolving in 1 to 2 weeks. 0000000016 00000 n /Img22 36 0 R This is a serious breach of normal hygiene. /Img94 108 0 R /Img107 121 0 R Cindy Hutnik. /Img150 164 0 R A patch test is used to identify the causative allergen in allergic conjunctivitis. Introduction. /Img103 117 0 R /Resources << /Img58 72 0 R In some areas insect vectors are involved. /Img34 48 0 R >> endobj >> 0000044966 00000 n Neisseria gonorrhoeae causes gonococcal conjunctivitis, which usually results from sexual contact with a … /Img90 104 0 R /Img18 32 0 R It is transmitted by contact with ocular or upper respiratory tract discharge of people who have the infection, fomites, medical equipment or shared cosmetics. 0000001644 00000 n l�"% ��{5*R���pd�C��P��#˾�""�� q$��e�ī�H@C]�NJ�4�3$�����&`EH`;��HI@�?l�C�1V+b� ��x1�@5l�C_�XcEJ��{�k�5V�ģ7{6�a��3�"%xd�g��^�1I��W _cEL�:`W�1�رycEQwIxɺWc�"% ���XS�]EJ�߉W�?�b�>{o�U�ġ��X��f����$@���DEW����X����īȉ��Bl�c:{���I$���"(��@����}EL ���1a@� V\��'��X��6""��jNH_�$��*'���GW�i��� � �g�J,�W�D���U��"%���N���^��}^EF��;�*"�2��WM�Ixd�w VD� ���}`ED����!i1|�!�P1���CUL��F�J 0000036108 00000 n Acute bacterial conjunctivitis is encountered frequently in optometric practice. This paper. /Img50 64 0 R /Img159 173 0 R x^�]I��q��W��z]z�V�R�u1Y"�$�$�|�} 0 3b! 0000001372 00000 n <<3DAEB586B2A0134A98C43DCE6087E03B>]>> /Img28 42 0 R /Img40 54 0 R Ocular Surface Disorders Neonatal gonococcal conjunctivitis . /Img64 78 0 R Bacterial conjunctivitis is the second most common infectious etiology of conjunctivitis in adults. Diagnosis is usually clinical. /Img119 133 0 R Viral culture may be appropriate in epidemic case clusters. /F2 199 0 R /Img15 29 0 R Bacterial conjunctivitis due to gram-positive bacteria such as Staphylococcus aureus or Streptococcus pneumoniae is generally milder than conjunctivitis caused by gram-negative bacteria. /Img175 189 0 R /Img52 66 0 R /Img67 81 0 R /Img61 75 0 R 64 Inaddition,typeofdischarge(purulent,mucus,orwatery) or other symptoms were not specific to any particular class of /Img77 91 0 R NEONATAL CONJUNCTIVITIS: CAUSES • Bacteria (N. gonorrhoeae, 2–4 days) • Bacteria (Staphylococcus, Streptococcus, 3–5 days) • Chlamydia (5–12 days) • Viruses (eg, herpes, from mother) Ocular Surface Disorders . /Img126 140 0 R /Img120 134 0 R /Img91 105 0 R /Img7 21 0 R /Img13 27 0 R Bacterial conjunctivitis is common and occurs in patients of all ages. 37 Full PDFs related to this paper. /Img44 58 0 R 0000013828 00000 n /Img84 98 0 R /Img5 19 0 R 0000034939 00000 n /Img110 124 0 R >> /Img62 76 0 R 0000016615 00000 n /ProcSet [ /PDF /Text ] /Img81 95 0 R Download PDF. When treated with appropriate antibiotics the duration of the infection is shortened considerably to one to three days. Download Free PDF. /Img180 194 0 R trailer Bacterial conjunctivitis is usually caused by Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus pneumoniae, Haemophilus species, or, less commonly, Chlamydia trachomatis. 0000051686 00000 n /Img20 34 0 R /Img142 156 0 R /Img102 116 0 R /Length 10895 /Img55 69 0 R /Img89 103 0 R /Img29 43 0 R /Img17 31 0 R /Filter /FlateDecode Also, people with weaker immune systems such as those with diabetes and people who don’t wash their hands before inserting or removing contact lenses are more at risk. Gonococcal and chlamydial conjunctivitis must be treated with systemic antibiotics. %PDF-1.6 %���� BACTERIAL CONJUNCTIVITIS IMPROVING THE RECOGNITION OF VIRAL and CE Monograph Faculty Alan Kabat, OD, FAAO (Chair and Moderator) April L. Jasper, OD, FAAO Blair Lonsberry, MS, OD, MEd, FAAO Christine Sindt, OD, FAAO Original Release: March 1, 2018 Expiration: March 31, 2019 This continuing education activity is supported through an unrestricted educational grant from Shire. /Img32 46 0 R 0000015788 00000 n conjunctivitis of suspected bacterial origin acquired within the first 28days of life were included in the study. /Img171 185 0 R /Img165 179 0 R The eye is red. /Img152 166 0 R In some areas insect vectors are involved. /Img23 37 0 R /Img31 45 0 R /Img42 56 0 R /Img148 162 0 R /Img145 159 0 R /Img144 158 0 R /Img108 122 0 R /Img49 63 0 R /Pages 2 0 R 2 0 obj Similar findings have been demonstrated in his left eye as of that morning. Bacterial conjunctivitis is usually self-limiting, taking up to two weeks to resolve. /Img153 167 0 R Bacterial Conjunctivitis November 2011 By Ko Eun Bae, Pharm.D. Is HIGHLY CONTAGIOUS, Haemophilus species, or, less commonly, trachomatis! 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